What We Find in Most Homes – And Why You Should Care

Kitchener, Guelph and Cambridge all have similarly cold climates for
much of the year. Improper or worn-out attic insulation can lead to
uncomfortable room temperatures, high utility bills & premature shingle
wear. Heat passes all too easily through a poorly insulated attic. This
causes different issues with in-home climate control and with general
increases to hydro costs year-round. The impact on your home appears in
the winter and in the summer in two opposite ways.

In our experience, the average attic insulation we find is between 8 to
12 inches thick, which is very low and leads to cold in the winter and a
hothouse in the summer (plus higher utility bills!). Your home needs to
have 22.5 inches of insulation (R-60 Code).

Why You Need 22.5 inches of Insulation

Besides the obvious reason of maintaining your home's warmth in the
winter and keeping it cool in the summer, it also protects the life of
your roof.

Most new houses conform to the current insulation code of R-60 as a
standard or 22.5 inches of blown-in insulation. However, if your home
was built in the early 2000s or before, you are very likely to have
insufficient insulation. That is either because insulation blown into
your home has settled over time or it has been affected by the weather.
Either way, this would mean it has lost some of its protective benefits
Current technology and innovations like blown-in fibreglass insulation
from Owens Corning won't settle over time, retaining its thickness and
ensuring your home keeps proper insulation for much longer than
traditional cellulose insulation.

In areas like Guelph, Kitchener, and Cambridge, this added insulation is
even more important over our cold winters.

The Heat in Winter

In the winter, heated interior air rises naturally and can penetrate
into the attic through numerous air leaks or simple convection. Poor
attic insulation makes the rooms directly beneath the attic cooler
through conductive heat loss. This causes an increase in heating needs
to maintain adequate room temperature. An un-insulated attic allows a
large amount of heat from your home to be lost into the attic,
unnecessarily increasing your hydro bills.

Not only that, but during the winter if the heat transfers into the
attic, the moisture in the air can crystalize on joists, rafters and
roof deck inside of the attic. This moisture can freeze into ice in the
winter, and in the spring (or as soon as the temperature rises) it can
thaw and become moisture in your roof deck, which in turn may lead to
rotting and potentially mould.

Areas like Cambridge, Kitchener, and Guelph are unfortunately prime for
such conditions due to poorly installed or not sufficient insulation.

The Effects During Summer

Poor attic insulation issues are reversed in the summertime. As the attic can accumulate heat through something called “solar gain”, rising up to 70 degrees Celsius or more, the heat then moves down into the living areas of the home through thermal transfer. The excessive heat simply needs to go somewhere, so it will follow the path of least resistance. In this case, through the insufficient insulation. This creates very hot rooms that become more expensive to cool down. Generally, bedrooms are the rooms that become overheated because of their proximity to the roof (directly below attics in most cases), meaning that more cooling is needed to keep those rooms comfortable during the day – and the night.

Home Too Cold or Too Warm?

Unfortunately Kitchener, Guelph, and Cambridge are in a climate zone
that make most house quite vulnerable to the challenges we've listed.

If you're worried about insufficient attic insulation in your home or
suffering from not enough warmth in winter or too much heat in the
summer, Empire Exteriors can help! Our experts will evaluate your attic
and recommend the best solutions to improve your energy efficiency. We
also carry a variety of insulation options for different needs and budgets.

Do you have sufficient / proper Attic Insulation?

Symptoms of insufficient insulation:

  • Fluctuating temperatures (from room to room)
  • High heating costs in the Winter
  • High cooling costs in the Summer
  • Cold walls, floors and ceilings
  • Cold rooms (even with heating on)
  • Ice dams on your roof
  • Frozen pipes
  • Icicles hanging from eavestroughs and fascia